The Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (IHS) distributes and changes the “Universal Classification of Headache Disorders”, now in its second version. This book offers particular symptomatic criteria for diagnosing migraines and is right now utilized around the world.
As per IHS, a typical migraine headache, otherwise called a migraine without air, is characterized by the particular criteria found beneath.
The patient must have no less than five of these headaches.
Length of time
The headache, barring orderly indications or prodromes, must last at least four hours, up to seventy-two hours. Headaches that last in excess of seventy-two hours by and large require quick restorative consideration to preclude other, more risky conditions.
To be classed as a migraine a headache must incorporate no less than two of four separate characteristics of ache:
1) The ache is uneven; the headache is essentially on one side of the head.
2) The ache is not steady; it throbs, pounds, or throbs.
3) The ache must be of moderate or serious force, to the point where the sufferer is repressed in day by day action, possibly to the point of being incidentally impaired.
4) The torment is expanded, some of the time just marginally, by normal physical action like bowing over, climbing stairs, or moving rapidly.
Headache torment must be went hand in hand with no less than one of four normal reactions:
3) Photophobia – affectability to light
4) Phonophobia – affectability to sound
Fitting restorative testing, for example, a MRI or CAT check, and/or a doctor’s exam must be led to decide out different conditions that may have brought about the headache.
These criteria have helped rearrange the judgment of migraine for a lot of people. Then again, on the grounds that migraines are verifiably connected with amazingly abnormal amounts of ache, individuals experiencing moderate migraine may not understand that is the thing that they are encounter
There are a number of commonly held beliefs about migraines that make it hard for sufferers to get proper diagnosis and treatment.
1) Migraines are not real (all in the head, an overreaction to a normal headache, etc.).
Not true. Migraines are a biologic primary headache disorder. Even migraine pain is not confined to the head, though that is generally where it is worst.
2) Migraines have a known cause.
Sadly, no. There have been several interesting theories put forward in the last decade, but no single, definitive biological cause of migraines has been identified thus far.
3) All migraineurs have the same symptoms.
No, they don’t. This is one of the things that makes migraines so hard to diagnose, particularly if a patient’s doctor is only familiar with the most common symptoms.
4) A doctor can tell if it’s a migraine or not.
Not always. The wide spectrum of symptoms that can accompany migraine can make it difficult to diagnose, more so if the patient is not forthcoming with their doctor about all their symptoms.
5) Migraines are curable.
Again, no. Once properly diagosed many migraineurs still have to devote a lot of time and energy to managing their condition through medications, natural and homeopathic remedies, and diet and lifestyle changes. The various available coping methods work differently for each individual, so there is not even a single protocol of care.
6) Migraines are a woman’s headache.
Women migraineurs do outnumber the men 3 to 1, but there is no evidence the condition is sex-linked in any way.
7) Only adults get migraines.
Migraines have been diagnosed in adolescents, children, and even infants.
8) Every headache a migraineur is a migraine
Not true. Migraine sufferers can have regular sinus, tension, or stress headaches just like anyone else.